A Fiber Optic broadband is a faster technology for information transfer on the internet that uses fiber optic cables. The well-known fiber optic cable is a glass cable which uses light signals to carry the information. So it allows faster data transfer rate as compared to any type of copper wires used in usual broadband connections. The fiber optic broadband technology is one of the fastest growing technologies in coverage and popularity which can make your internet faster.
Fiber broadband is very easy to install and it doesn’t need any specific software or special computer for internet connection. Practically this technology is same as standard broadband connections but it provides superior speed than other conventional broadband connections.
The conventional broadband uses ADSL or ADSL2+ technologies and is commonly used in almost every household across the country. These conventional broadband use copper cables to connect the telephone exchange to your house or street cabinets. Due to the use of copper wires, the signal gets attenuated as it travels from the exchange to your house.
If the distance between the telephone exchange and your house is significantly long (in several kilometers), then the strength of the signal is reduced and you will suffer the problems in speed and reliability. The attenuated signal becomes vulnerable to interference thus affecting the reliability and security of data. In fact at the distance more than 3 km, the connection speed is reduced to 9 Mbps with ADSL.
This does not occur in the case of fiber broadband. The fiber optic cables used in fiber broadband do not suffer the signal attenuation experienced by copper cables.
Types of Fiber Broadband
There are generally two types of fiber broadband being deployed all over the world, which are:
- Fiber to the Cabinet (FTTC)
- Fiber to the Premises/ Fiber to the House (FTTP/FTTH)
The FTTC technology is a bit cheaper and slower broadband as it uses a mix of both fiber optic cables and copper cables. It deploys fiber optic cable from telephone exchange to street cabinet and copper cable from street cabinet to your house.
The FTTH/FTTP is very demanding and faster broadband technology as it uses only fiber optic cables to connect the telephone exchange to your premises or house. It can support the higher speeds up to 10 Gbps.
Advantages of Fiber Broadband
- Better Bandwidth
The fiber broadband provides better bandwidth than copper cables and can support the speed up to 10 Gbps or more. This means that fiber broadband is capable of carrying more data with more reliability. This technology can support the frequency from 2000 MHz/km to 4700 MHz/km.
- Great speed and longer distance
The signal carried in fiber optics is in the form of light, so the attenuation is very low and information can travel to longer distances with great speed. The distance can vary from 550 meters to 40 kilometers with 10 Gbps speed. Fiber optic does not have a limitation on distance of 100 meters like UTP copper wires instead, the length of the cable rely on wavelength, type of cable (multimode or single mode), and network.
- Better security
The fiber optic does not radiate the signal and the information carried by it is very difficult to tap. It is very easy to detect a security breach in fiber system because if security is breached then cable leaks light and the entire system will be failed.
- Greater reliability
The fiber broadband is completely immune to any external interference that commonly occurs in copper cables. The glass core in fiber optic act as an insulator and does not allow electric current to flow through it. So, it is protected from any type of electromagnetic interference, radio frequency interference or other problems. It provides greater reliability than other technologies.
- Robust design
The fiber optic is a lightweight and more durable cable than UTP copper cables. To get higher speed there is very little difference in diameter and weight of the higher grade fiber optic cable. It takes less space in cabling canal and its small size makes it easy to handle.
Disadvantages of Fiber Broadband
- Difficult installation
Installing fiber optic requires replacing the pre-installed copper cables, so it needs more time for installation. The cost of its installation is also a bit high.
- Special test equipment needed
A special test equipment such as OTDR (Optical Time Domain Reflectometer) is needed to test the fiber optic network which is much expensive than traditional testing tools.
- Costly and often get damaged
The fiber optic cable in fiber broadband is susceptible to physical damage and easily torn during construction activities. Also, the fiber optic broadband is more expensive than regular broadband services. The prices can vary depending upon the speed you want. You can opt for a low price less speedy version of the service.