As the idea of information traveling is transforming in diverse ways, the telecommunication world is rapidly moving towards fiber optics from copper wire networks.
Earlier when we used telephones for calling, wire cables were used to carry sound. Later on, we started using Cellphones – in which the information is sent and received using invisible radio waves. The trending Fiber Optic works in a third way.
Fiber optic cable is the cable that contains very thin strands of glass fibers inside an insulated casing – used to send data by pulses of light. Based on the principle – total internal infection, Light pulses move easily down the fiber-optic. To provide a physical connection to a network or device, these cables can be plugged into communications equipment and patch panels.
Types of Fiber Optic Cable:
Single-mode step index fiber cable:
Due to the extremely small diameter of the glass fiber core – ranging from 5 to 9.5 um, the single-mode cables are usually used for longer distances. Also, it only allows for a single stream of data flow. As it transmits signal with low loss, it is used widely in communication systems. The smaller core opening offers a more direct route as it isolates the light into single-beam.
Multimode graded-index fiber cable:
As the name says, it allows multiple pules of light to travel through several different paths – instead of one single path. Also, due to larger core opening – comprising core diameters of 50,62.5, or 85 um, the light signals bounce and reflect more – which results in an increased possibility of signal loss, reduction or interference. Thus, it is used for shorter distances.
Uses of Fiber Optic Cables:
Fiber optic cables serve many purposes:
Telecommunication:In data transmission and telecommunications to handle thousands of conversations concurrently.
Medical: In Medical Institutions for Laser Surgery. It is also utilized in several instruments in the form of extremely thin strands so that they can be inserted into the lungs, blood vessels, and many hollow parts of the body.
Government: As hydrophones for SONAR and seismic uses – such as establishing connections with Aircraft, submarines, and other vehicles.
Television: To create high definition TV displays along with high tech video applications.
Industrial/Commercial: Employed for imaging in remote areas that are hard to be reached with wires. Also, for automobile wiring and devices.
Why Fiber Optics?
Here are some prime reasons to buy fiber optic cable:
Transmit unlimited information without needing to be refreshed
High Bandwidth i.e. Extremely high carrying capacity
Low transmission losses as it is immune to cross-talk and electromagnetic interference
Transmits at high speed – in gigabits
Do not dissipate heat
Low maintenance cost
If you want to explore and buy fiber optic cable online, Fruits Cables Ltd. is the one-stop solution for you. It offers a range of cables such as fiber optic patch cables, Bulk Cables, Ethernet Cables & much more to meet your unique requisites.